Bed bugs may be tiny, but they can have a huge impact on your life.
These insects feed on the blood of humans and animals. They usually come out at night. You’re most likely to find them where you rest and relax in your home – in bedrooms and on your upholstered furniture.
In general, they aren’t dangerous and they don’t carry disease. But they can make you uncomfortable, annoyed, and stressed.
But don’t panic. If you do have bed bugs, they can be quickly and safely removed by experienced professionals.
Do you want to know more about bed bug signs? Keep reading to find out how to determine if you have bed bugs in your home.
You Can See Bed Bugs
Bed bugs can be difficult to find, especially during the day. They’re nocturnal, small, and move quickly. But if you know what you’re looking for and where to look, you should be able to spot them.
Adult bed bugs are wingless insects. They have an oval, flat, brown body. They are usually around the same size as an apple seed and look similar to a wood tick.
If they have recently fed on blood, they become larger and turn a reddish-brown colour. Young bed bugs are much smaller, and almost colourless if they haven’t recently fed on blood.
It’s best to look for bed bugs in areas where you sleep or rest. Look carefully on your mattress, headboard, bed frame, bedside furniture, and in cracks on the floor. These are places where bed bugs can hide, rest, and feel protected during the day.
You Have Bites
If you have a bed bug infestation, you may be suffering from bed bug bites.
Symptoms of bed bug bites depend on your personal reaction. They are usually small, red, and itchy. They can also become inflamed, and you might feel a burning or tingling sensation. Unlike other insect bites, you’ll usually be bitten many times in a straight line or cluster.
NHS advice states that bites usually clear up on their own within a week. You can speak to your pharmacist if the bites are particularly uncomfortable or painful, or if they’re taking longer than expected to heal.
But remember that some people don’t react to bed bug bites at all. Just because you don’t have bites doesn’t mean you don’t have bed bugs.
You Have Bed Bug Shells or Malted Skin
Every time bed bugs feed on blood, they grow. They often shed their shells or skin to give them room to continue growing larger.
The shells or skins look like the bed bugs themselves, but are more translucent in colour. You’ll often see them in a variety of different sizes, depending on the sizes of the bed bugs in your home.
If you have a large number of bed bugs, you can have hundreds or thousands of discarded shells in your home.
There Are Faecal Spots in Your Home
An unfortunate side effect of bed bugs is the waste that they leave behind.
It’s likely that you will see dark brown or black faecal marks. These will probably look more like smears or stains. They are dark in colour because the blood that the bed bugs have fed on has been digested and excreted.
There Are Blood Stains on Your Sheets
Small blood stains on your bed sheets, upholstery, or surfaces can be a slightly unsettling sign of bed bugs.
If a bed bug has fed on your blood, you may unknowingly squash it by accident. This can create a small bloodstain on your fabrics or surfaces. This is caused by your blood that the bug has fed on, and is still storing in its body.
You Can See Small White Spots
One of the more discrete signs of bed bugs is having small white spots in your home. These are often found in the joints of furniture, or the edge of mattresses.
These white spots are small bed bug eggs. They will quickly hatch, and there will be more bed bugs in your home.
There’s a Musty Smell
Another unusual – and often overlooked – symptom of having bed bugs is the smell that they create in your home.
Have you noticed an unusual, musty smell that you can’t get rid of? As surprising as it sounds, this can be caused by a bed bug infestation. Bed bugs release a substance called pheromones, and this can cause quite a strong smell.
Your Friends or Neighbours Have Bed Bugs
Bed bugs spread quickly and easily, and infestations can develop rapidly. If you’ve heard that your friends or neighbours have bed bugs, check your own home.
Bed bugs can easily spread from person to person and often go unnoticed. If you visit a home or room that is infested, bed bugs may discretely crawl onto you, your clothes or your belongings.
When you return to your own home, you can introduce these bed bugs to your environment. Once they’re there, it’s likely that you’ll need to contact professionals to help remove them.
How to Determine If You Have Bed Bugs
If you’re wondering how to determine if you have bed bugs, look out for these signs.
Do you have one or more of these signs? Contact us now, and we can remove bed bugs from your home.